Now let’s create an API that allows a user to update a note with a new note object given it’s id.

Add the Function

Create a new file update.js and paste the following code

import * as dynamoDbLib from './libs/dynamodb-lib';
import { success, failure } from './libs/response-lib';

export async function main(event, context, callback) {
  const data = JSON.parse(event.body);
  const params = {
    TableName: 'notes',
    // 'Key' defines the partition key and sort key of the item to be updated
    // - 'userId': User Pool sub of the authenticated user
    // - 'noteId': path parameter
    Key: {
    // 'UpdateExpression' defines the attributes to be updated
    // 'ExpressionAttributeValues' defines the value in the update expression
    UpdateExpression: 'SET content = :content, attachment = :attachment',
    ExpressionAttributeValues: {
      ':attachment': data.attachment ? data.attachment : null,
      ':content': data.content ? data.content : null,
    ReturnValues: 'ALL_NEW',

  try {
    const result = await'update', params);
    callback(null, success({status: true}));
  catch(e) {
    callback(null, failure({status: false}));

This should look similar to the create.js function. Here we make an update DynamoDB call with the new content and attachment values in the params.

Configure the API Endpoint

Open the serverless.yml file and append the following to it. Replace YOUR_USER_POOL_ARN with the Pool ARN from the Create a Cognito user pool chapter.

    # Defines an HTTP API endpoint that calls the main function in update.js
    # - path: url path is /notes/{id}
    # - method: PUT request
    handler: update.main
      - http:
          path: notes/{id}
          method: put
          cors: true
            arn: YOUR_USER_POOL_ARN

Here we are adding a handler for the PUT request to the /notes/{id} endpoint.


To test our function replace the event.json with the following. Also, don’t forget to use the noteId of the note we have been using in place of the id in the pathParameters block.

  "body": "{\"content\":\"new world\",\"attachment\":\"new.jpg\"}",
  "pathParameters": {
    "id": "578eb840-f70f-11e6-9d1a-1359b3b22944"
  "requestContext": {
    "authorizer": {
      "claims": {
        "sub": "USER-SUB-1234"

And we invoke our newly created function.

$ serverless webpack invoke --function update --path event.json

The response should look similar to this.

  statusCode: 200,
  headers: {
    'Access-Control-Allow-Origin': '*',
    'Access-Control-Allow-Credentials': true
  body: '{"status":true}'

Next we are going to add an API to delete a note given it’s id.