In this example we will look at how to use Sentry to monitor the Lambda functions in your SST serverless application.

Requirements

What is Sentry

When a serverless app is deployed to production, it’s useful to be able to monitor your Lambda functions. There are a few different services that you can use for this. One of them is Sentry. Sentry offers Serverless Error and Performance Monitoring for your Lambda functions.

Create an SST app

Let’s start by creating an SST app.

$ npx create-serverless-stack@latest sentry
$ cd sentry

By default our app will be deployed to the us-east-1 AWS region. This can be changed in the sst.json in your project root.

{
  "name": "sentry",
  "region": "us-east-1",
  "main": "stacks/index.js"
}

Project layout

An SST app is made up of a couple of parts.

  1. stacks/ — App Infrastructure

    The code that describes the infrastructure of your serverless app is placed in the stacks/ directory of your project. SST uses AWS CDK, to create the infrastructure.

  2. src/ — App Code

    The code that’s run when your API is invoked is placed in the src/ directory of your project.

Create our infrastructure

Our app is going to be a simple API that returns a Hello World response.

Creating our API

Let’s add the API.

Add this in stacks/MyStack.js.

import * as sst from "@serverless-stack/resources";

export default class MyStack extends sst.Stack {
  constructor(scope, id, props) {
    super(scope, id, props);

    // Create a HTTP API
    const api = new sst.Api(this, "Api", {
      routes: {
        "GET /": "src/lambda.handler",
      },
    });

    // Show the endpoint in the output
    this.addOutputs({
      ApiEndpoint: api.url,
    });
  }
}

We are using the SST Api construct to create our API. It simply has one endpoint at the root. When we make a GET request to this endpoint the function called handler in src/lambda.js will get invoked.

Your src/lambda.js should look something like this.

export async function handler(event) {
  return {
    statusCode: 200,
    headers: { "Content-Type": "text/plain" },
    body: `Hello, World! Your request was received at ${event.requestContext.time}.`,
  };
}

Setting up our app with Sentry

We are now ready to use Sentry to monitor our API. Sentry offers Serverless Error and Performance Monitoring for your Lambda functions. Integration is done through a Lambda Layer.

Go to the Settings > Projects. Select the project. Then scroll down to SDK SETUP and select Client Keys (DSN). And copy the DSN.

Copy Sentry DSN from settings

Create a .env.local file with the SENTRY_DSN in your project root.

SENTRY_DSN=https://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx@xxxxxxxx.ingest.sentry.io/xxxxxxx

Note that, this file should not be committed to Git. If you are deploying the app through a CI service, configure the SENTRY_DSN as an environment variable in the CI provider. If you are deploying through Seed, you can configure this in your stage settings.

Next, you’ll need to add the Sentry Lambda layer in your app.

Head over to the Sentry docs and get the layer they provide. Select your region and copy the layer ARN.

Copy Sentry Lambda Layer ARN

Let’s add the CDK Lambda constructs that we’ll use to configure the layer.

$ npx sst add-cdk @aws-cdk/aws-lambda

You can then set the layer for all the functions in your stack using the addDefaultFunctionLayers and addDefaultFunctionEnv. Note we only want to enable this when the function is deployed, and not when using Live Lambda Dev.

Add the following below the super(scope, id, props) line in stacks/MyStack.js.

// Configure Sentry
if (!scope.local) {
  const sentry = LayerVersion.fromLayerVersionArn(
    this,
    "SentryLayer",
    `arn:aws:lambda:${scope.region}:943013980633:layer:SentryNodeServerlessSDK:35`
  );

  this.addDefaultFunctionLayers([sentry]);
  this.addDefaultFunctionEnv({
    SENTRY_DSN: process.env.SENTRY_DSN,
    SENTRY_TRACES_SAMPLE_RATE: "1.0",
    NODE_OPTIONS: "-r @sentry/serverless/dist/awslambda-auto",
  });
}

Note that addDefaultFunctionLayers and addDefaultFunctionEnv only affects the functions added after it’s been called. So make sure to call it at the beginning of your stack definition if you want to monitor all the Lambda functions in your stack.

Also, replace the layer ARN with the one that we copied above.

Wrapping our Lambda handler

Next, we’ll instrument our Lambda functions by wrapping them with the Sentry handler.

Replace the code in src/lambda.js with this.

import Sentry from "@sentry/serverless";

export const handler = Sentry.AWSLambda.wrapHandler(async (event) => {
  return {
    statusCode: 200,
    headers: { "Content-Type": "text/plain" },
    body: `Hello, World! Your request was received at ${event.requestContext.time}.`,
  };
});

Let’s test what we have so far.

Deploy your app

We need to deploy the API in order to track any errors.

Run the following.

$ npx sst deploy

The first time you run this command it’ll take a couple of minutes to deploy your app from scratch.

===============
 Deploying app
===============

Preparing your SST app
Transpiling source
Linting source
Deploying stacks
dev-sentry-my-stack: deploying...

 ✅  dev-sentry-my-stack


Stack dev-sentry-my-stack
  Status: deployed
  Outputs:
    ApiEndpoint: https://753gre9wkh.execute-api.us-east-1.amazonaws.com

The ApiEndpoint is the API we just created. Let’s test the endpoint.

Open the URL in your browser. You should see the Hello World message.

Now head over to your Sentry dashboard to start exploring key metrics like the execution duration, failure rates, and transactions per minute. You can also click through to inspect specific errors.

View Sentry serverless dashboard

Cleaning up

Finally, you can remove the resources created in this example using the following.

$ npx sst remove

Conclusion

And that’s it! We’ve got a serverless API monitored with Sentry. It’s deployed to production, so you can share it with your users. Check out the repo below for the code we used in this example. And leave a comment if you have any questions!